The Electricity Authority of Cambodia (EAC) was established under the Electricity Law (2001) to regulate the power sector. Each of the electricity provider is required to obtain a license from EAC. Environment Protection and Natural Resource Management Law (1996) was introduced to reduce adverse effects of power sector on the environment. The law obliges all energy-related project developers to perform Environmental Impact Analysis (EIA), which then must be reviewed and approved by the Environmental Steering Committee and the Project Review Teams.
Cambodia’s Power Strategy under the Energy Policy sets three major developments:
- Development of Generation;
- Development of Transmission Lines;
- Development of Rural Electrification.
Cambodia considers renewable energy as a tool for rural development. The Master Plan Study on Rural Electrification by Renewable Energy in the Kingdom of Cambodia in 2012 defines rural electrification in three levels: (i) battery lighting, (ii) mini-grid, and (iii) national grid. The plan aims to provide universal village electrification via mini-grid or battery lighting by 2020. The grid quality electrification is expected to reach 70% of household by 2030. The targets are to be achieved by grid expansion, mini-grid, cross-border supply from neighboring countries, and indigenous renewable energy sources.
As stated in the energy Master Plan by Ministry of Mines and Energy, all 23 provinces and Phnom Penh will be connected to the national power grid by year 2018. The strategy on power sector aims to ensure an energy supply nationwide with affordable prices in order to facilitate the economic development that mostly coming from garment manufacturing.
List of Government Organisations :