According to Brunei Energy White Paper, the country is planning to cover 10% of electricity consumption from renewable energy by the year of 2035. The document sets the ground for the renewable energy policy. It aims to scale-up market deployment of RE technologies, but also to promote capacity development e.g. by supporting research and development.

The white paper provides the general outline of the activities to achieve the above-mentioned targets. It identifies four key priority initiatives:

  • Introduce Renewable Energy Policy and Regulatory Frameworks
  •  Scale-up Market Deployment of Solar PV and Promote Waste to Energy Technologies
  • Raise Awareness and Promote Human Capacity Development
  • Support Research, Development and Demonstration (RD&D) and Technology Transfer

The total installed capacity of renewable energy sources in Brunei is exclusively coming from the photovoltaic (PV) demonstration plant owned by Tenaga Suria Brunei (TSB), the national electrical utility. The installed capacity of the plant amounts to 1,244 kW by 2015. The government is planning to take a leading role in identifying land for utility-scale solar projects and developing a waste-to-energy (WtE) project using municipal solid waste. The project is expected to install 10-15 MW plant in Sungai Paku, Tutong.

In 2015 Brunei Darussalam has generated about 2 GWh of electricity that comes from Solar PV plant. According to the energy white paper, renewable and new energy generation that comes from solar and waste to energy is planned to increase up to 124 GWh by 2017 (2.7% of the electricity generation mix) and 954 GWh by 2035 (10% of the electricity generation mix).

At this moment, there is no a clear policy on renewable energy feed-in tariff scheme in Brunei. However, the country is planning to introduce a feed-in tariff and net metering policy in the future to encourage the investment in renewable energy systems. Renewable energy activities in the country focus on renewable energy potential studies, project feasibility studies, cost assessments, and capacity building. Some of concerns that limit the renewable energy development in Brunei are existing cheap electricity tariff that generated from abundant fossil fuel, having of almost 100% citizen has been connected to utility grid and the absence of feed-in-tariff scheme.The Brunei Energy and Industry Department at the Prime Minister’s Office (EIDPMO) considers to apply the Renewable Energy Certificate (RECs) for power generated by renewable energy sources. One RECs will be worth 1 MWh of renewable energy power generation, with the proposed fixed price at B$0.25 per kWh or B$250 per REC.In addition, commercial feasibility study on waste power generation is currently being performed, the 20 MW waste-to-energy project is planned to be built in Sungai Paku with the main objective to reduce the amount of waste by around 80% – 90%. This project will be developed through a joint-venture between domestic and foreign companies. The Government aims to generate at least 10% of its total power generation mix from renewable energy sources by 2035.